HEIAN GODAN - Peaceful Mind Number Five
Heian Godan is the fifth and final kata in this series. This kata is without a doubt the most popular of all the Heian katas. This kata amongst other things is noted for the introduction of a jump for the first time that starts from one facing position and ends up in another. It also introduces a new kicking technique chudan-mika-zuki-geri (middle level inside crescent kick), new hand techniques, chudan-mawashi-zuki (middle level round house punch), jodan-juji-uke (upper level open hand X block), shuto-gedan-uchi (downward sword hand block).
This kata contains 23 movements and should also take the student approximately 40 seconds to complete. The correct performance of this kata is required in order to advance in rank from 6th kyu (green belt) to 5th kyu (violet belt).
There are two kiai points in Heian Godan. The first one occurs on the chudan-oi-zuki (middle level lunge punch) at the top of the embusen (line of attack). The second one occurs when you are at the top of the embusen (line of attack) for the second time. The kiai here should begin the moment you start your downward motion from the apex of the jump, not as you start to begin the jump, the kiai should continue until you land in the kosa-dachi (cross legged stance).
To return to a ready position after the last movement of the kata leave your left foot in place and withdraw your right foot so as to stand up once again facing forward in hachiji-dachi (natural stance). You must now formally end the kata. You do this by bringing your left foot half way in towards your right foot and your right foot half way in towards your left foot so that you are now standing with your feet together. At the same time as you bring your feet together also bring your hands to your sides so you are again standing in heisoku-dachi (attention stance). Now rei (bow). After bowing, step out with your left foot and then your right foot and once again stand in hachiji-dachi (natural stance) while at the same time bringing your hands from your sides and hold them in a ready position in front of you with your fists closed.