Getting home.

Finishing on the same spot.

In Shotokan karate it is not uncommon to be taught that each kata, regardless of its length, or complexity, should start, and finish, on exactly the same spot. Over the years however, I have come to believe that the objective of getting back home as it is commonly referred to, was never the original intent.

Now I have taken a bit of flack for my point of view. So it was with great interest that I came across an article by Seamus O'Dowd, at that time a 5th Dan with the SKIF. The article appeared in issue #71 of Shotokan Karate Magazine, in May of 2002. The article detailed an interview Seamus had in the Fall of 2001 with Shihan Hirokazu Kanazawa. It took place in Ireland shortly after the SKIEF European Championships in Copenhagen, Denmark.

In the article Shihan Kanazawa spoke about original kata. He stated in part, "It is also true that stepping forward and back three times will assist in returning the performer to the same place as they started the kata. But original kata mostly did not finish where they started. This is a modern concept."

It is likely that this "modern concept" began life around 1956 when Master Funakoshi finally agreed that Shotokan katas could be performed in a public setting for the very first time. History tells us that Master Funakoshi and Masatoshi Nakayama spending a number of days together going over each kata, and modifying the movements as needed, so that each performer would now indeed start, and end, on the same spot. The idea being that in addition to the quality of the kata, this would be another aid in helping to determine a winner in a tournament setting. 

There is of course nothing wrong with this methodology. However, as tournaments grew in popularity something inevitable happened. The way kata had always been practiced in the dojo also began to change. Where previously the journey, and the feeling of the kata mattered more than where you finished, this now gave way to where "getting home" became one of the primary goals.

 So by all means practice for tournaments. But, always bear in mind that how you practice kata for the masses, should never be confused with how you should practice your kata when you are in the dojo. After all, if katas were originally meant to be performed without any limitations, why put them there. 

Remember: "In classical karate home is always wherever you finish."