Kali / Escrima Terminology
The following are some of the more commoly used terms in both kali and escrima. Always remember that there can be different terms, or names for the same thing, depending on which of the numerous Filipino languages is being used.
Abanico: fan (quick wrist snap strike)
Alive hand: your non-weapon hand or monitor hand
Ala contra: counter to, against
Alisto: look, be ready, prepared
Ampo: pray, meditate
Anting: magic amulet that gives power to the owner
Barong: leave shaped short sword
Basko: dropping strike
Bolo: short sword used by farmers
Cob cob: Tap, tap
Corto Curvado: bend, have curve, half the distance to abanico
Decadena: chain or series of strikes
Elastico: body shifting technique where the feet usually stay planted
Enganyo: to fake or feint
Floretti: small oval like a flower petal
Garotte: escrima stick, also called, kahoi, baston, or olise
Groupings: set of close in fighting techniques using the alive hand
High Eagle Wing: block with kahoi facing down, also called a roof block
Gunting: scissors
Kris: moro sword with wavy blade
Kalasag: shield
Lakang: to step
Larga Mano: long range fighting
Luhod: kneel
Maestro: high level instructor
Numerada: by the numbers
Otra Vez: to repeat
Parada: to parade or exhibit
Pares: pairs
Payong: unbrella or overhead block, strike
Porma: form
Praction: to hit an opponent a fraction of a second before the opponent strikes
Ritic: snap strike with the wrist vertical that returns on the same path, also called "witic"
Saagan: deflect or block
Sagawas: from the outside
Saludo: salute
Sayaw: dance, as in the kata
Sige: begin, start
Teros: strike, hit
Tindug: stand
Toyok: turn
V Strike: snap strike with 45 degree vertical wrist, also utilizing hip snap together with wrist snap
The Salute:
In almost every martial art there is usually some form of salutation or greeting prior to the begining of any training, either as a group or with a partner. In Shotokan karate for example, you will often have to bow to the Shomen, to your Sensei, to a Sempai, or to your partner. Balintawak Escrima is no exception.
In Balintawak Escrima as taught by my instructor, Datu Lowell Manabe, the following salutation is given prior to all training and it is always accompanied by a specific series of hand and foot movements.
From me to you, respect forever.
May you forever be shielded and protected from evil.
I want you to be blessed, from heaven and earth.
I give you this blessing from the heart.
It has been said many times that "karate begins and ends with courtesy", and I think it is fair to say that a similar sentiment can be found within most martial arts, regardless of their place of origin. The traditions that are upheld, and the respect that is paid to each person within the framework of Balintawak Escrima are also a prime example of this kind of respect, which is all to clearly evident by the words contained in the saludo shown above.
Part the clouds - see the way.
"The objective of karate-do is to contribute to the evolution
of the human spirit through physical and mental training."
Sensei Peter Lindsay